Creeds and Confessions

Creeds and Confessions mark the major turning points in the history of Christian thought and theology.

Date: 1563

One of the four Standards of Unity of the Reformed Church in America, the Heidelberg Catechism provides comprehensive instruction of the core tenets of Reformed doctrines and theology.

Date: 451

The Chalcedonian Creed was adopted at the Fourth Ecumenical Council in Chalcedon. It primarily establishes the orthodox doctrine of Christology.

Date: 1618–1619 A.D.

Written in response to the rise of Arminianism within Dutch congregations

Date: 1571

The Thirty-nine Articles of Religion defined the doctrines and statements of the Church of England. They functioned as an answer to the controversies of the English Reformation.

Date: 1561 AD

In a time of intense persecution by a Roman Catholic government, Reformed believers of the Netherlands (modern day Belgium) sought to demonstrate that, far from being heretics, their beliefs were faithful to Scripture and the historic consensus of the Church. Though Roman Catholic teaching is explicitly rejected at critical points, the overall tone and aim is irenic and persuasive.

Date: 4th Century

Date: 120–250 A.D.

Possible response to the Marcionite heresy